Selling a home can be an exciting yet complex process, especially when it comes to understanding your legal and contractual obligations. As a seller in Arizona, being well-informed about state-specific laws and required disclosures is essential to ensure a smooth transaction and avoid potential legal issues. Here’s a comprehensive guide to help you navigate these responsibilities.

Legal Obligations in Selling Your Home in Arizona

1. Understanding the Purchase Contract

The Arizona Association of REALTORS® (AAR) provides a standard Residential Resale Real Estate Purchase Contract that is widely used in home sales. This contract outlines the terms and conditions of the sale, including:

  • Purchase Price: The agreed-upon price between the buyer and seller.
  • Earnest Money Deposit: A deposit made by the buyer to show good faith, typically held in escrow.
  • Closing Date: The date when the sale will be finalized, and ownership transferred.

2. Meeting Contingencies

Common contingencies in Arizona contracts include:

  • Inspection Contingency: The buyer’s right to have the property inspected and request repairs or negotiate terms based on the findings.
  • Financing Contingency: The buyer’s ability to secure financing for the purchase.
  • Appraisal Contingency: Ensures the property appraises at or above the purchase price.

As a seller, you must address any issues that arise from these contingencies to keep the sale moving forward.

3. Title and Escrow

Arizona law requires a title company or an attorney to handle the closing process, ensuring that the title is clear of any liens or encumbrances. The title company conducts a title search and provides title insurance, protecting the buyer (and the lender) against any future claims to the property.

Required Disclosures in Arizona

Arizona law mandates that sellers disclose material facts about the property that could affect the buyer’s decision. This includes using the Seller’s Property Disclosure Statement (SPDS), which covers various aspects of the property:

1. Structural Issues

  • Foundation Problems: Any known issues with the foundation.
  • Roof Condition: Current state of the roof and any past repairs or replacements.

2. Environmental Hazards

  • Mold and Water Damage: History of mold infestations or water damage.
  • Lead-Based Paint: Required if the home was built before 1978, per federal law.

3. Utilities and Systems

  • Plumbing, Electrical, and HVAC: Conditions of these systems and any known defects.
  • Septic Systems and Wells: Information on these if applicable.

4. Pest Infestations

  • Termites and Other Pests: History of infestations and treatments.

5. Legal and Zoning Issues

  • Easements and Encroachments: Any easements that affect the property.
  • Zoning Violations: Known violations or non-conforming uses.

6. Other Considerations

  • Previous Repairs and Renovations: Information on significant repairs or renovations.
  • Neighborhood Nuisances: Issues like noise, odors, or other disturbances that could impact the buyer’s enjoyment of the property.

Contractual Obligations

When you receive an offer, and it is accepted, you enter into a legally binding contract. Here are your main contractual obligations:

1. Honoring the Terms of the Contract

You must comply with all agreed-upon terms, including the sales price, closing date, and any contingencies.

2. Providing Clear Title

Ensure that the title is clear of any liens or encumbrances that could delay or prevent the sale.

3. Maintaining the Property

You are responsible for maintaining the property in the same condition as when the buyer made the offer until the closing date.


Understanding your legal and contractual obligations when selling a home in Arizona is crucial to ensure a successful and smooth transaction. By familiarizing yourself with state-specific requirements and providing necessary disclosures, you can confidently navigate the selling process and avoid potential legal pitfalls.

If you have any questions or need assistance with your home sale, don’t hesitate to reach out. Our team is here to provide expert guidance and support every step of the way.