In the Phoenix real estate market, appraisal contingencies play a crucial role in ensuring that both buyers and sellers have a fair and transparent transaction. This blog will dive into what appraisal contingencies are, how they affect both parties, and why they are important in the home buying and selling process.

What is an Appraisal Contingency?

An appraisal contingency is a clause in a real estate contract that allows the buyer to back out of the deal if the property’s appraised value is less than the agreed-upon purchase price. This contingency protects buyers from overpaying for a property and ensures that lenders are not financing more than the home is worth.

Why Appraisals Matter

Appraisals are conducted by licensed appraisers who assess the value of the property based on various factors, including the home's condition, location, and recent sales of comparable properties (comps) in the area. This unbiased evaluation helps determine the market value of the home.

What Appraisal Contingencies Mean for Buyers

1. Protection Against Overpaying: An appraisal contingency ensures that buyers do not pay more for a property than its market value. If the appraisal comes in lower than the purchase price, buyers can renegotiate the price, request repairs or improvements, or walk away from the deal without losing their earnest money deposit.

2. Leverage in Negotiations: If the appraisal is lower than expected, buyers can use this information to negotiate a lower price or ask the seller to cover the difference. This can be especially beneficial in a competitive market where prices may be inflated.

3. Securing Financing: Lenders typically require an appraisal to determine the loan amount they are willing to provide. If the appraisal is lower than the purchase price, buyers may need to make a larger down payment or find alternative financing solutions.

What Appraisal Contingencies Mean for Sellers

1. Pricing Realistically: Understanding the importance of an appraisal can motivate sellers to price their homes more realistically. Overpricing can lead to issues during the appraisal process and potential deal cancellations.

2. Preparing for Negotiations: Sellers should be prepared to negotiate if the appraisal comes in lower than the agreed-upon price. This could involve lowering the price, offering to make repairs, or providing other concessions to keep the deal intact.

3. Market Insights: The appraisal report can offer valuable insights into how the market perceives the value of the property. Sellers can use this information to adjust their expectations and strategies for future listings.

What to Do if the Appraisal Comes in Too Low

If the appraisal comes in lower than the offer price, both parties have several options to consider:

1. Renegotiate the Sale Price

Buyers and sellers can renegotiate the sale price to reflect the appraised value. This is often the most straightforward solution, but it requires both parties to be flexible and willing to adjust their expectations.

2. Increase the Down Payment

Buyers can choose to increase their down payment to cover the gap between the appraised value and the purchase price. This option may require financial adjustments but can keep the sale on track.

3. Challenge the Appraisal

Sellers can challenge the appraisal by providing additional comparable sales data that supports a higher valuation. This process involves working with the appraiser to review and possibly revise the original assessment.

4. Request a Second Appraisal

Both parties can agree to a second appraisal to get a new valuation. While this option can incur additional costs and delay the closing process, it might yield a different outcome.

5. Cancel the Contract

If no agreement can be reached and the buyer cannot cover the difference, the buyer may choose to cancel the contract. This option, though less desirable, allows the buyer to walk away without financial penalties.


Appraisal contingencies are a vital component of real estate transactions in Phoenix, protecting both buyers and sellers and ensuring that homes are bought and sold at fair market values. Buyers benefit from not overpaying, while sellers gain insights that can help them price their homes more effectively and prepare for negotiations. Understanding and navigating appraisal contingencies can lead to more successful and smoother transactions for all parties involved.

If you have any questions about appraisal contingencies or need assistance with your real estate needs, our team is here to help. Reach out to us today to get started on your real estate journey in Phoenix!